Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a condition where there is leakage and a build-up of fluid under the retina. Loss of vision occurs if the central part of the retina, known as the macula, is affected. The condition usually occurs in young, healthy males but may also occur in women and during pregnancy
Central Serous Chorioretinopathy Image

Symptoms

Visual distortion, color vision abnormalities and decreased visual acuity are some of the symptoms described by patients with this condition.

Causes

The cause of CSC is unknown and therefore is termed idiopathic. However, patients with “Type A” personalities or who are under extreme stress appear to be more susceptible to developing the condition. External triggers include steroid medication and hormonal changes during pregnancy.

Treatments

Most cases of CSC are self-limited and resolve spontaneously within a few weeks or months of onset. Patients should be monitored closely to ensure that the condition improves and no complications develop. Laser treatment may be considered to help restore vision if the healing process is too slow.